Biodegradation of veterinary drugs (antibiotics and anthelmintics) as a method for alleviating environmental contamination and ARGs dispersal

Veterinary antibiotics (VAs) and anthelmintics (AHs) are used to control microbial and parasitic infestations in livestock farming respectively. These compounds are not metabolized in the animals' body and animal excretes containing VAs and AHs are used as soil manures facilitating the dispersion of VA and AHs residues to agricultural soils. This imposes significant pressure in the soil microbial community for selection and further dispersal of resistant traits for VAs and constitutes a threat for water quality since VAs could move from soil to aquifers and some AHs like benzimidazoles are particularly persistent in the environment. To date little is known about the biodegradation of these veterinary drugs. It was recently shown that the continuous soil exposure to sulfonamides and macrolides could select for resistance and for VA-degrading traits. Today only a few VA-degrading bacteria are available and nothing is known about the biodegradation of AHs. Bacteria carrying biodegradation traits against these veterinary drugs could be exploited for the bioaugmentation of contaminated manures and soils.  We aim to explore the complex interactions of veterinary drugs with soil microorganisms, look into evolutionary mechanisms that drive the selection (antibiotic resistance vs biodegradation traits) and exploit biodegradation to avert environmental threats by VAs and AHs.

veterinary

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Funding

  1. Call of ELIDEK for the support of PhD students, Title: The biodegradation of veterinary drugs as a mean to prevent and avert environmental degradation. Funding Body: Hellenic Foundation for Research and Innovation (ELIDEK), Greece. Duration: 2019-2022, Role: Coordinator (Benefited Student: Stathis Lagos)
  2. Call EDBM of small projects for the support of young researchers, Title: Environmental fate and interactions of veterinary antibiotics ceftiofur and tiamulin with the soil microbial community: Resistance, biodegradation or ecotoxicity?, Funding Body: Hellenic Ministry of Education, Greece. Duration: 2019-2020, Role: Coordinator

Εικόνα5

 

 

Personnel

  • Stathis Lagos, PhD student
  • Dr Chiara Perruchon
  • Eleni Katsivelou, PhD student